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田汉与国歌

发布日期: 2020年04月24日     来源:3分pk10_三分pk10官方网站|【官网】

  80yunianqian,zaizhonghuaminzujiuwangtucundepaohuoshengzhong,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》changchulequanminzudefennuhejuexin,congcibeichuanchangdajiangnanbei,shenzhishijiefanfaxisizhenyingdeqitaguojia。68nianqian,zheishougechengweilexinchenglidezhonghuarenmingongheguoguoge,zheiyejiqizuocizhetianhandailailewuxianrongguang。

3分pk10  《yiyongjunjinxingqu》xiezai《fengyunernv》jubengenggaiyuangaozuihouyiye

  zaizhangshaxianguoyuanzhen“tianjiadawu”nei,yifu《yiyongjunjinxingqu》deshufazuopinwuyishizhenggejinianguandejinghuasuozai,zhengruzheishougeshitianhanyishengzuizhidejiaoaodechuangzuo。

  1934niandi,tianhankaishichuangzuodianying——《fengyunernv》,jubengenggaixiehaohou,weilehuyingjuzhongyongdaodexinbaihuachuangzuodezhangshi《wanlizhangcheng》,tianhanzhunbeichuangzuoyishouyizhangchengweibeijingdedianyingzhutige。

  duiyu“zhangcheng”,tianhanyouzijiderenshi,tadeyipianwenzhangzhongcengxiedao: suirancongfeijishangkan,zhangchengbuguoshiyigeaiqiang,dan3fenpk10xianzaiyaofanduiqinlvezhe,zhongguorenminyaotuanjieqilai,xingchengyigezhenzhengdetiedetongqiang。yushiyoule“ba3fenpk10dexuerou,zhucheng3fenpk10xindezhangcheng”zheijugeci。

  guanyugecizuichuxiezaina,youyizhongshuofashixiezaixiangyanzhiheshang,tianhanzijiduicidejiyiyebijiaomohu。buguodangshiyiqiyutianhanpaishe《fengyunernv》dexiayanjiuzaishangshiji80niandaimingquefourenguozheigeshuofa。

3分pk10  xiayanshuo,tianhande《ruyu》yishicaishixiezaiyibaoxiangyandexizhidechenzhishang。yuanlai,tianhanxiewan《fengyunernv》genggaihou,bianyin“wenwei”zaodaopohuairuyu。ruyuqian,tianhanyijingjiaojijuzu《fengyunernv》jubengenggai,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》zheishouzhutige,jiuxiezaigenggaiyuangaozuihouyiye。

  youlegeci,jiubudebutidaolingyigeguanjianrenwu——nieerle。tianhanhenieerzai《yiyongjunjinxingqu》chuangzuozhiqianyiyouduocihezuo。

  zi1931nian,yunieerzai“mingyuegewujushe”chucixiangshihou,tianhanhetazaidianying《muxingzhiguang》zhongde《kaikuangge》、dianying《taolijie》dezhutige《biyege》、geju《yangzijiangbaofengyu》de《qianjinge》denggequzhongjuntonglihezuo。cong《nieerquanji》zhongkeyifaxian,nieerchuangzuodeyinletianhanzuociyou10shou,shiqigequzhongzuocizuiduoderen。

  dangnieertingdaotianhanbeibudexiaoxihou,mashangzhaodaoxiayan,shuo: “tingshuotianxianshengxiede《fengyunernv》youyishouzhutige《yiyongjunjinxingqu》,qingjiaoji3fenpk10zuoquba。”xiayanjiannieertaidujiqijianjue,bianbapuqugongzuojiaojilenieer。raner,zheishougeyechengweiliangrenhezuodejuechang。

3分pk10  1935nian7yue,dianying《fengyunernv》zaiquanguofangying,cishizhengfengtianhanchuyu。dangtakandaobaozhihenglandaheitibiaotishangxiezhe“qilai,buyuanzuonuliderenmen”dezijutongshi,yedezhilenieerzairibenbuxingniwangdexiaoxi。

  yucitongshi,tianhanyefaxian,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》geciyutadeyuanzuoxiangbiyousuogaibian,zheixianranshinieerzaizuoqushijinxinglejiagong。ruyuancizhong“maozhedirendefeijidapaoqianjin”bianchengle“maozhedirendepaohuoqianjin”,“qianjin”bianchengle“qianjinjin”。

3分pk10  tianhanrenweinieerdequzichongyibaomandezhengzhireqing,gequzhong“zhonghuaminzudaolezuiweixiandeshihou,meigerenbeipozhefachuzuihoudehousheng”juzitaizhang,hennanjiayu,dannieerchuliqilai,queshuanglangmingkuai,ziranyouli。zaiquanguorenminrenwukeren,poqieyaoqiufandikangrishi,yongjiandanyoulideyinjie,zuihaodibiaodaleqianwanrendexinsheng。

  《yiyongjunjinxingqu》chengweizhongguozuiliuxingdekangzhangequ

  zheishou《yiyongjunjinxingqu》youduohuo,kenengxianzaiderenmenhainanyixiangxiang。

  youyudangshiguomindangxinwenfengsuofeichangyange,suoyigecilibunengyoukangrideziyan,danzheishougeliqiaqiameiyoukangrideziyan,danyoujiqiledajiadejiqing,zheiweitadechuanbotigongleyoulitiaojian。

3分pk10  1938nian,jiaoyujiafengzikaixiechule《tankangzhangequ》,qizhongjiujishulezheiyangdechangjing: lianhuangshanzhongdesanjiacunli,yeyou“qilai,qilai”、“qianjin,qianjin”deshengyinchuyucunfumutongzhikou。doushilizibubishuo,zhangshadehunanpopo,hankoudehubeichefu,dounengchang“zhonghuaminzudaolezuiweixiandeshihou”。

  zaiquanguodejunduizhong,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》yeshichangdezuiduodejunge。lishixuejiahuangrenyucengzaiyuanzhengjundanrenshangweicanmou,tacenghuiyidao: 3fenpk10zaichengdoucaotangsiqingyanggongzuojunguandeniandaiyechangguobuzhiduoshaocile。“3fenpk10wanzhongyixin,maozhedirendepaohuo,qianjin!qianjin!”qiyinjiejingbakengqiang,zhijintinglaihailingrenxiangniankangzhanshideqipo。

  1939nian,guojizhumingjizheyisileier·aipositanzai《renminzhizhan》yishuyexiedaozheishouge: dongbeirenminweibaituoribendejiasuoeryingyongdouzheng,zaitamenneiyongganjingshenguwuxia,chanshenglezheishoujidongrenxindegequ,shijuguofenqi,zhongzhichengcheng……《yiyongjunjinxingqu》danshengdelishi,jiushidikangribenqinlvedelangchaobuduangaozhangdelishi。zheishougedequhecishenshenzhagenyuzhongguorenminzhizhong。

  tongnianchubandeyingwenban《zhongguokangzhangequji》zhong,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》dezhujieshizheiyangxiede: cigeyuanyongzuodianyingpian《fengyunernv》dezhutige。zheijidongrenxinde“tongkuhefennudenahan”xiangdahuoxijuanquanguo,xianzairengranshizhongguozuiliuxingdekangzhangequ。

3分pk10  1940nianxia,jidujiaoqingnianhuiganshiliuliangmofumeixuanchuanzhongguokangzhan,zainiuyuejieshilebeichengwei“shijiegewang”deluoboxun。cinianchun,luoboxunyuliuliangmozuzhide“huaqiaoqingniangechangdui”zainiuyueluzhilezhongguogequzhuanji《qilai》。luoboxunchuleyizhongwenyanchang《yiyongjunjinxingqu》wai,haibazheishougedegecifanyigaibianchengyingwenge《qilai》。tazaichangpianxuyanzhongxiedao: “3fenpk10tingshuo,《qilai》zhengbeishuyibaiwanjizhongguorenchuanchang,keyishuoshiyishoufeizhengshideguoge,daibiaozhezheigeminzubukezhanshengdejingshen。nenggouyanchangzheishouge……shiyijianleshiheyizhongshurong。”

  ercishijiedazhanjijiangjieshuzhiji,mengjunqingzhushenglidequmuzhong,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》heranminglieqizhong。

  congdaiguogedaoguoge

  1949nian9yue25ri,maozedong、zhouenlaizaizhongnanhaifengzeyuanzhuchizhaokaiguoqi、guohui、guoge、jinian、guodouxieshangzuotanhui。

  zaizuotanhuishang,maxulundengzhuzhangzanyong《yiyongjunjinxingqu》daiguoge,xubeihong、guomoruodengxuduoweiyuanbiaoshizancheng。

  yinyuangeciyou“zhonghuaminzudaolezuiweixiandeshihou”denglishixingdeciju,guomoruodengjianyijianggecixiugaiyixia,tianhandangshiyeqianxudibiaoshibutaiheshi。

  danshi,zhangxiruo、liangsichengrenweizheishougequshilishixingdechanwu,weibaochiqiwanzhengxing,ciquzuihaobuzuoxiugai,bingjufaguode《masaiqu》weili。

  maozedonghezhouenlaizanchengzheiyangdekanfa,renweixinzhongguoyaodadaozhenzhenganding、anquan,haixuyaoyuneiwaidirenjigezhongjiannankunkuzuodouzheng。jingguotaolun,chuguohuiyixiangjixuyouyuanxiaozushejiwai,qitagexiangyitijunhuoyizhiyijian。

  9yue27ri,zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidiyijiequantihuiyijiuguogeyizhitongguolejueyian: zhonghuarenmingongheguodeguogeweizhengshizhidingqian,yi《yiyongjunjinxingqu》weiguoge。

3分pk10  10yue1rixiawu3shi,beijingtiananmenguangchanglongzhongjuxingkaiguodadian,maozedongyonghongliangdeshengyinxiangquanshijiezhuangyanxuangao: “zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangrenminzhengfujintianchenglile。”jiezhemaozedongandongshengqidianniu,bansuiwuxinghongqiranranshangsheng,《yiyongjunjinxingqu》zuoweiguogediyicizaitiananmenguangchangxiangqi。

  houlai,《renminribao》duijiang《yiyongjunjinxingqu》caiyongweiguogezuoleruxiajieshi: “《yiyongjunjinxingqu》shishiyunianlaizaizhongguoguangdarenmindegemingdouzhengzhongzuiliuxingdegequ,yijingjuyoulishiyiyi。caiyong《yiyongjunjinxingqu》weizhonghuarenmingongheguoxianshideguogeerbujiaxiugai,shiweilehuanqirenminhuixiangzuguochuangzaoguochengzhongdejiannanyouhuan,guwurenminfayangfankangdiguozhuyiqinlvedeaiguoreqing,bagemingjinxingdaodi。zheiyusulianrenmincengzhangqiyi《guojige》weiguoge,faguorenminjintianrengyi《masaiqu》weiguogedezuoyongshiyiyangde。”

3分pk10  raner,zaiwenhuadagemingqijian,tianhanshoudaolejizuoluxiandepohai,1968nian12yue10ri,zaijianyubande301yiyuanbingfangnei,tianhandaizhewuxiandeyihanqushile。《yiyongjunjinxingqu》yejibentingchang,yixiezhengshichangheyejibenyi《dongfanghong》zuoweiguogeshiyong。

3分pk10  shiyijiesanzhongquanhuiyihou,tianhandeyuananyededaozhaoxuepingfan。1980niandao1982nian,xianfaxiugaiweiyuanhuishoudaolegegefangmiantichudedaliangyijian,renwei《yiyongjunjinxingqu》duonianlaiyijingshenrurenxin,jianyifeichu1978niantongguodeguogegeci,huifu1949nianquanguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidiyijiequantihuiyijuedingde《yiyongjunjinxingqu》。

3分pk10  1982nian12yue4ri,wujiequanguorendawucihuiyizaizhuangyantongguoxianxingxianfadetongshi,tongguojueding: huifu《yiyongjunjinxingqu》weizhonghuarenmingongheguoguoge。

  zai2003nian10yuejuxingdedangdeshiliujiesanzhongquanhuishangtongguobazhonghuarenmingongheguoguoge《yiyongjunjinxingqu》xiejinxianfa。jingshijiequanguorendaercihuiyiquantidaibiaoshenyitongguo,xianfaxiuzhenganzhengshifuyuguogeyixianfadiwei。

3分pk10  (wen/jiexuanzitengxunwang,xiongyuanfan limin)

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